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Hurricane Hunters Prepared for the Season Ahead

May 29, 2020 News

With NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center predicting an above-average Atlantic hurricane season — 13 to 19 named storms, of which 6 to 10 could become hurricanes — the agency’s Lakeland-based Hurricane Hunters are preparing for their busiest time of year.

“We really do anticipate an active season, and that makes everyone nervous,” said Carl Newman, deputy director of the NOAA Aircraft Operations Center at Lakeland Linder International Airport. An average season produces about 12 named storms, with six becoming hurricanes. Tropical Storms Arthur and Bertha have already formed — before the official start of the season, which runs from June 1 to Nov. 30.

NOAA currently has three Hurricane Hunter aircrafts and six additional planes in Lakeland. It will add two more now that it is expanding its center from 100,000 square feet to about 170,000 square feet and has signed a 15-year lease with an option for five more.

About 110 employees have worked there since NOAA moved to the airport in 2017, another 50 to 75 will now be added.  “This expansion is needed to accommodate new aircraft NOAA is acquiring to support hurricane, coastal mapping, emergency response and other missions. It will also accommodate NOAA’s new Unmanned Systems Operations Program, which was recently authorized by Congress,” said Jonathan Shannon, public affairs specialist for NOAA’s Office of Marine and Aviation Operations.

“Our move to Lakeland Linder airport has been a real benefit to our operations. Our new facilities bring all of the highly skilled Aircraft Operations Center teams together in one place, with the equipment and space they need to support our many missions,” Shannon said. “The airport has been very supportive, especially when we were called to do around-the-clock operations for Hurricane Dorian.”

Shannon said NOAA is preparing for this season as any other, including “training pilots and aircrew, testing and upgrading instruments, and performing maintenance on the aircraft.”

Aircraft Used for Other Missions

A new $41 million Gulfstream G550, which is expected to arrive in 2022, will “enhance and complement the capabilities of NOAA’s existing Gulfstream IV-SP high-altitude jet, which is best known for flying above and around hurricanes to support accurate track and intensity forecasts,” Shannon said.

Those and six other aircraft also perform research year-round. A new $12 million King Air 350 CER, which is expected to be ready in 2021, will contain “remote sensing equipment that will measure the water content of snow and soil — data that is used for flood, river level and water supply forecasts. It can also be configured to support other NOAA missions, including coastal mapping and aerial surveys of damage in communities after a storm landfall.”

In addition, Shannon said:

  • NOAA’s Jet Prop Commander conducts snow surveys in North America, measuring moisture to support flooding forecasts.
  • Its Twin Otters support missions from marine mammal and snow surveys to coastal mapping and oil spill response.
  • In May 2019, a WP-3D flew along lines of supercell thunderstorms to support a National Severe Storms Laboratory research mission into such storms and tornado genesis.
  • Last winter, a WP-3D supported an international research mission to investigate cloud and air-sea interaction processes in Barbados. The goal: advanced the understanding and prediction of U.S. weather and climate.
  • Another WP-3D flew to Shannon, Ireland, to measure ocean surface winds in winter storms over the North Atlantic. The goal: help NOAA calibrate and validate data collected by weather satellite sensors, and scientists and engineers improve the quality and consistency of satellite-based weather data.

Being a Good Neighbor

The Aircraft Operations Center officers and staff are members of our community and like to help, when possible. For instance, they:


  • Adopted a highway in Polk County to conduct cleanups.
  • Contributed to local food drives and food banks, especially during the holiday season.
  • Volunteered at events such as SUN ’n’ FUN Aerospace Expo and the Great American Teach-In.
  • Partnered with the Florida Air Museum, which hosts an exhibit about NOAA and the many ways in which the agency supports the nation.
  •  Helped with outreach during out-of-town deployments, such as the Hurricane Awareness Tour.

They also have agreements with the Lakeland Police Department and Polk County Sheriff’s Office, among others, that allow the agencies to use the NOAA hangar as a refuge for their aircraft and emergency response vehicles during weather emergencies.

To Help You Prepare

For tips and more information on how to prepare your home for the hurricane season, visit

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